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East iLoI dated 2010-09-07

Greetings to the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all other heralds throughout the Known World who read this.

This letter includes submissions received just prior to Pennsic and those received from Heralds Point through 10 August 2010. The remaining Pennsic submissions and ones mailed in directly will go on the next internal letter of intent.

For those who don't know, "intermediate changes" are changes such as the addition or deletion of elements like 'de' and 'the', or changes in language, as long as the effect of the changes is small. Secondly, for the Pennsic submissions, common sources that are readily available, such as articles from the Academy of Saint Gabriel website, were granted a special no-photocopy status, even if they are not listed in Appendix H of the Administrative Handbook.

Thank you again to all of the Eastern heralds, artists, and greeters who helped at Heralds Point this year. Your hard work was appreciated.

Yours in service,

Lillia

Eastern Crown Herald

1: Aennlin Ulrich - New Name

• No major changes.

Aennlin is a feminine name found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, 1441" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweil1441.html), s.n. A[e]nnlin, where it appears with a count of 66.

Ulrich is the submitter's legal surname, as attested by the consulting herald and Eastern Crown. It is also found twice in this spelling as a masculine given name (ibid.).

The submitter will accept intermediate changes.

1: Aennlin Ulrich - New Device

Per fess argent and paly argent and vert, an eagle vert and a rose gules

2: Altani Khatagi - New Name

• No major changes.

Both elements are found in Heather Daveno, "Names of the Secret HIstory of the Mongols" (http://www.laohats.com/studypages/mongol_names.htm). This source cites names from The Secret History of the Mongols by Paul Kahn.

Altani is a feminine name noted as being found on p. 136 of Kahn's book.

Khatagi is noted as being found on p. 5, as the byname of <Bughu Khatagi>.

Altani is the most important element to the submitter.

2: Altani Khatagi - New Device

Azure, a cloud and three chevronels braced within a bordure Or

3: Alys Treeby - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.

Alys is found in R&W, s.n. Alis, as a byname dated to 1221. Withycombe dates the name in this spelling to the 15th century.

Treeby is a header form in R&W, dated 1642. This citation notes that it is from Treby in Yealmpton (Domesday Book).

The client specifically does not want the single 'e' due to possible incorrect pronunciation. The submitter wishes to retain the Alys spelling and the long-e sound of "Treeby". The submitter will accept intermediate changes.

3: Alys Treeby - New Device

Argent, a tree blasted sable beset by bees proper issuant from a base vert

4: Barbara de Vries - New Name

• No major changes.

Barbara is the submitter's legal given name on her driver's license, as attested by Ursula Georges. It is also found in Guntram von Wolkenstein's "Vlaamse Vrouwennamen - Flemish Feminine Names 1259-1530" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/vlaamse.htm).

de Vries is in Luana de Grood, "Flemish Bynames from Bruges, 1400-1600" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/bruges/byname-list4.html), with <de Vriese> dated 1541-1578. The submitter prefers the spelling without the terminal -e, if justification can be found.

4: Barbara de Vries - New Device

Gules, a bend between three steins and a domestic cat dormant, on a chief argent a top-weighted drop spindle threaded bendwise between two clews of yarn gules

5: Bella Delabarge - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound (see note below) most important.

Bella is found in Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale, "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/italian.html).

Delabarge is a surname found once in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names from Artois, 1601" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601sur.html).

The note for the desired sound stated that the submitter is the sister of Melanie Delabarge, and that she would prefer the same surname.

[Her sister's name was registered as Melina Delabarge on the 04/2010 LoAR (East). Italian + Frech is a SFPP. - Lillia]

6: Briana Douglase - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

Briana is a feminine given name in England and Spain:

The name Briana has been found as the name of a human character in period Spanish literature, specifically the Espejo de Principes y Cavalleros.

Names of human characters in period literature are registerable with certain restrictions. (See the Cover Letter for the November 1999 LoAR for details.) Since Briana is the name of a human character in the Espejo, which was written in Spanish, it meets these requirements and is registerable as a Spanish feminine given name.

The first part of the Espejo was translated into English in 1578. The complete title (of the English version) is The mirrour of princely deedes and knighthood: wherein is shewed the worthinesse of the Knight of the Sunne, and his brother Rosicleer, sonnes to the great Emperour Trebetio: with the strange loue of the beautifull and excellent princesse Briana, and the valiant actes of other noble princes and knightes. Now newly translated out of Spanish into our vulgar English tongue, by M.T. Therefore, since Briana is the name of a human character in period literature available in English, the name Briana is registerable as an English feminine given name. [12/2001 Cover Letter, "From Pelican: Changes to the Registerability of the name Briana"]

Douglase is found in Black, s.n. Douglas, in the spellings <Dulglass> (1433) and <Douglase> (1429). R&W, s.n. Douglas, also includes <Duglas> (1175-99).

6: Briana Douglase - New Device

Per pale and per chevron indented argent and azure, in chief two doves rising wings displayed respectant counterchanged

7: Caitlin Sorcha O'Doghartie - New Device

Per pale azure and argent, a sheep passant counterchanged

Her name was registered 06/1993 via the East.

Note that this is clear of the badge of Chlurain, Clan (01/1981, Atenveldt), Per fess gules and Or, a sheep passant argent, its sinister foreleg in a tub sable, with a CD for the changes to the field, and another for the change of half of the tincture of the primary charge. It is also clear of Þorbjorn Ragnvaldsson (East Kingdom August xLoI), Gules, a goat courant argent, for the same reasons.

8: Cassandra the Missing - New Name

Cassandra is a header in Withycombe, dated 1207-73. It is also found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html), dated 1182-1303.

the Missing is intended as a descriptive byname. The term is found in the OED with the definition of "not present; not found; absent": Heywood Play of Love (Brandl) 24 Whiche one ones founde I fynde of all the rest Not one myssyng, dated a. 1530. It is seen in the spelling <mysynge> c. 1566. In Shakespeare's Tempest, it is found in the submitted spelling, dated 1607. Under the definition "Absence, privation, lack", it is found as <missing> a. 1300, <myssynge> 1393, <myssyng> c. 1440, <missing> 1611. If the byname is found to be appropriate, the submitted spelling should be acceptible on the basis of the gray period instances.

It was not known if this byname is registerable, as no precedent was found for it; however, abstract, adjectival terms as descriptives are generally not allowed. As an example, the byname <the Lost> had been SCA-compatible, and as such, is no longer registerable as of 2009. As an alternative, the surname <Missing> without the article was considered, but could not be found earlier than 1725-9.

The submitter's second choice is Cassandra of the Marshes. There is a branch name, Marshes, March of the, that was registered 01/1973. As such, the submitter's second choice should be registerable as it uses a locative byname taken from a branch name.

8: Cassandra the Missing - New Device

Azure, in pale four natural dolphins bendwise sinister argent

9: Ceara inghean Cuarta - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for Irish Gaelic.

Ceara is found in OC&M, s.n. Cera, as the name of three saints and as the legendary name of a wife of Nemed.

inghean 'daughter' and the formation of the name is documented using Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/).

Cuarta is based on Woulfe, s.n. Mac Cuarta. No dates were provided for any forms of this name, but modern forms of this name are M'Cowrty, M'Cowart, M'Cuyrt, MacCourt, MacCort, and MacCourtney. It's noted that it's "not improbably a corruption of Mac Mhuircheartaigh".

9: Ceara inghean Cuarta - New Device

Vert, on a bend between two equal-armed Celtic crosses argent three harps palewise vert

10: Connell of Dumfries - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Scots) most important.
• Culture (Scots) most important.

Connell is dated 1599 in Mari's "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/).

Dumfries is based on Black, s.n. Dumfries, where gives <de Dumfries> (1291, 1299), <de Dumfres> (1394), and <de Dumfreys> (1460).

10: Connell of Dumfries - New Device

Azure, on a bend between two lutes argent three arrows gules

11: Cristoff Gockerhan von Loch - Resub Device

Gyronny azure and argent, a cockatrice displayed gules combed and wattled Or

This is a resubmission of Gyronny of fourteen sable and gules, a cockatrice displayed Or, combed, wattled, and barbed gules, which was returned by kingdom in 11/2008 for for using a low-contrast field divided into more than four parts, for the no-contrast details on the primary charge, and for conflict.

12: Decius Iulius Crassianus Macedonicus - New Name

• No major changes.

According to the form, all elements were from "novaroma.org". It also noted that the documented name Decimus might need to be used.

Upon checking, Decius was found as a nomen in that article, as is Iulius. Metron Ariston noted in post-Pennsic follow up that anything referring to <Decius Iunius Brutus> appeared to have been based on a false reading, and virtually every modern source now gives his praenomen as <Decimus>. Thus, sources like Nova Roma that use <Decius> seem to be drawing on the outdated information.

Decimus is a praenomen, Iulius a nomen, and Macedonicus an agnomen found in Meradudd Cethin, "Names and Naming Practices of Regal and Republican Rome" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/roman/names.html and http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/roman/names2.html), as is the naming pattern [praenomen + nomen + cognomen + agnomen] (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/roman/index.html).

Crassianus was not found in either source cited above. However, it is found in Plutarch's Lives as the name of a centurian, Caius Crassianus (http://books.google.com/books?id=H5lcpDJ_u44C&pg=PA97). It is also discussed in Frederic Taber Cooper, Word formation in the Roman sermo plebeivs: an historical study of the development of vocabulary in vulgar and late Latin, with special reference to the Romance languages(published 1895; http://books.google.com/books?id=xG9fAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA146).

12: Decius Iulius Crassianus Macedonicus - New Device

Per fess gyronny of sixteen Or and gules, and sable, a demi-roundel issuant from the line of division sable and a scorpion Or

13: Edel Feurer Drache - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (close to "edelfeura") most important.

Edel is a header form in Brechenmacher, and is said to be derived from Adal(bert). An example is <Frid Dictus Edel>, 1296.

Feurer is a header in Bahlow/Gentry, with <Perthoftder Feurer> dated 1350.

Drache (ibid., s.n. Draa(c)k) is a surname found in the submitted spelling in Frankfurt in 1357.

An example of a double given name is found in Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Seider: <Ulrich Aubrecht der Seider>, 1472

The submitter will accept intermediate changes.

13: Edel Feurer Drache - New Device

Per fess sable and purpure, three Maltese crosses in fess and within an annulet an edelweiss flower argent

14: Edmund of Limerick - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

Edmund is in R&W, s.n. Edmond, dated in this spelling to 1275. In Bardsley, s.n. Edmund, it is found as a surname (i.e., unmarked patronym) dated to 1379.

of Limerick is a locative byname based on the Irish county and town of Limerick, which is found in Roome, A Dictionary of Irish Place-Names. It is found in this spelling in 'Elizabeth I: volume 142: March 1589', Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1588-1592 (1885), pp. 128-141. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49058&strquery=limerick). The personal names in that source do not appear to have been normalized, but it's not clear if the place names were.

The submitter will allow the spelling Edmond only if necessary for registration, but will accept changes to the byname as needed.

15: Edward Talbot - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

Edward - Encyclopedia Brittanica includes Edward the Elder (d. 924), the second son of Alfred the Great. There are also four English kings in period by this name (ibid.).

Talbot - the Domesday Book (1086) includes a <Richard Talbot> who held land in Bedfordshire.

[Note: The book used for the DB citation is heavily normalized. R&W, s.n. Talbot, gives the name as <Richard Talebot>. The submitted spelling is found in 1332 (ibid.). Edward is found as a presumably unmarked patronym in Bardsley, s.n. Edward, dated 1EdwIII (1327) and 1379. - Lillia]

15: Edward Talbot - New Device

Azure, a wolf rampant between two axes palewise heads facing, all within a bordure argent

16: Elisabeth Borden of Kent - New Acceptance of Armory Transfer

Azure, two batons in saltire between four crosses crosslet argent

Acceptance of armory transfer from Francesco Gaetano Greco d'Edessa.

Her name was registered 01/2009 via the East.

17: Elizabet rábiti - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Scandinavian/Norse) most important.
• Culture (Scandinavian/Norse) most important.

Elizabeth is found in SMP, vol. 5, s.n. Elizabeth, dated 1321 and 1356.

rábiti 'racehorse, Arabian horse' is found in Geirr Bassi, p. 26.

17: Elizabet rábiti - New Device

Per chevron throughout vert and argent, two ivy leaves inverted Or and a raven displayed sable

18: Emundi {o,}lfúss - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound ("eh-mun-dee" - beginning name sound) most important.
• Meaning (byname meaning 'desirous of beer') most important.

Emundi is a masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi, p. 9.

{o,}lfúss 'desirous of beer' is a masculine byname found in Geirr Bassi, p. 30.

18: Emundi {o,}lfúss - New Device

Azure, a cracked tankard bendwise sinister reversed argent distilling a goutte d'eau

19: Engel der Arzt - New Name

• Sound (first name sound - unspecified) most important.

Engel is a given name found in Talan Gwynek, "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm), dated 1330. He prefers the spelling Engle, if possible.

Arzt 'healer or doctor' is the header form in Bahlow/Gentry. An example is <der Arczt>, 1382-99. He prefers the header spelling to the attested form.

19: Engel der Arzt - New Device

Quarterly azure and purpure, a cross between four open books argent

20: Francesco Gaetano Greco d'Edessa - New Armory Transfer

Azure, two batons in saltire between four crosses crosslet argent

Armory transfer to Elisabeth Borden of Kent.

His name was registered 06/2004 via the East. This badge was registered 07/2006, also via the East.

21: Generys William - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Language (Welsh - time period unimportant) most important.
• Culture (Welsh - time period unimportant) most important.

Generys is found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welse Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html).

William is a masculine given name from Tangwystyl's article "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh16.html). According to the same article, unmarked patronyms were used by men, but that women were less likely to omit the patronymic particle. However, as it appears that it was done at least occasionally, the submitted name was considered to be plausible.

22: Gunnv{o,}r hausakljúfr - New Name

• No major changes.

Gunnv{o,}r is a feminine given name that appears twice in the Landnamabok, as described on p. 10 of Geirr Bassi.

hausakljúfr 'skull-cleaver' is a nickname that appears once in the Landnamabok. It is found on p. 22 (ibid.).

22: Gunnv{o,}r hausakljúfr - New Device

Gules, three cats courant in annulo contourny argent

23: Gynter Eiriksson - New Name

• No major changes.
• Meaning (Eirikr + byname construction) most important.

Gynter appears in SMP, vol. 9 (primary listing, pp. 489-90), dated c. 1367.

Eiriksson is a patronymic byname formed from the masculine given name Eirikr per Geirr Bassi, p. 17.

23: Gynter Eiriksson - New Device

Paly of five argent and azure, a sword sable between two Maltese crosses, one per pale azure and argent and the other argent and azure

24: Hachille the Harlequin - New Armory Transfer

Argent, a pale lozengy argent and azure between a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy azure

His name and device were registered 09/1995 via the East.

Armory transfer to Lorcan Dracontius. Hachille passed away in 2001. As Hachille did not have a heraldic will, the paperwork was filled out in his name by Lorcan, who was his sole heir. Supporting documentation has been obtained.

25: Honda Saburou Tadamitsu - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 1573-1600 Japanese (Momoyama).

All elements were documented using Solveig's NCMJ.

Honda 'many' is found on p. 221.

Saburou 'third son' is found on p. 212.

Tadamitsu 'faithful shining' is found on p. 43, construction of nanori

[The submitter has been emailed to clarify whether he really wants no changes, in light of the mutually exclusive authenticity request. - Lillia]

CORRECTION: The submitter will now allow minor changes, per an email received today (9/8/2010).

25: Honda Saburou Tadamitsu - New Device

Azure, seven plates, one, two, one, two, and one, and an orle argent

26: Jamys O Donill - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

Jamys is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/), dated 1492.

O Donill is found in Woulfe, s.n. O'Domnaill, in which it is described as a Tudor/Stuart form.

26: Jamys O Donill - New Device

Per chevron vert and Or, a fox sejant proper betweeen three Celtic crosses counterchanged

27: Karaz bint Tariq al Qahuahiyya - New Name

• Sound (unspecified) most important.

Karaz is the Arabic word for 'cherry, cherry tree'. It follows a pattern of Arabic slave girl names, which often included flowers, trees, and other plant life. Examples from Juliana de Luna, "Arabic Women's Names from al-Andalus" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/) include al-Ar{a-}ka 'type of tree', al-Y{a-}sam{i-}n 'jasmine', Athl 'type of tree', Bah{a-}r 'sweet smelling plant', Banafsaj 'violet', Narjis 'narcissus', and Ward 'rose'.

bint Tariq - 'daughter of Tariq' - Tariq is a masculine given name found in Juliana's article (ibid.).

al-Qahuahiyya - this occupational byname is intended to mean 'maker/seller of coffee'. The Arabic word for coffee, Qahwa was found in Ralph Maddox, Coffee and Coffeehouses, and it was thought that Qahua was a reasonable variant. The pattern follows examples of occupational bynames found in the Cairo Geniza (KHWSS Proceedings, 2005?) that were formed directly from the product name: al-'Ambar{i-} 'seller of ambergris', al-Asal{i-} 'seller of honey', al-{H.}inn{a-}w{i-} 'seller of henna', al-Amsh{a-}{t.}{i-} 'maker of combs', and al-Jal{a-}jil{i-} 'seller of bells'.

If necessary, the submitter will allow the occupational byname to be dropped.

[The hyphen in the occupational byname will be added if this is forwarded. - Lillia]

28: Kusunoki Kinshige - New Name Change

Old Item: Kiyohara Soteme, to be released.

• No major changes.

His current primary name was registered 02/2008 via the East, as was a device, Azure mullety of eight points, a chevron cotised between three foxes rampant each maintaining an arrow argent.

All elements are found in Solveig's NCMJ.

Kusunoki 'camphor tree' is a historical surname (p. 321) from the Nanboku period, dated 1392.

Kinshige is a historical masculine nanori (p. 338) from the Kamakura period, dated 1332.

28: Kusunoki Kinshige - New Badge

Per fess wavy argent and barry wavy azure and argent, two arrows in saltire azure

29: Leon the Navigator - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Meaning most important.

Leon is found in Withycombe, s.n. Leo, as a masculine given name dated to 1213-5 and 1306.

the Navigator is intended as an occupational byname. Navigator appears in the OED as <nauigator> 1590 and 1625. The u/v switch is unremarkable in English, so the submitted spelling should be registerable. The term was found dated 1601 (in a likely normalized source): "We had need to cherish this Subject, I think him to be the best and most necessary Member of the Common-Wealth, I mean the Navigator." ('Journal of the House of Commons: December 1601', The Journals of all the Parliaments during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1682), pp. 660-689. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43741&strquery=navigator)

The Eynsham Cartulary includes a <Robertus Nauigator> in an entry from 1241 (p. 220, entry 351, http://books.google.com/books?id=ifNAAAAAYAAJ).

The introduction of R&W includes examples of occupational bynames both with and without the definite article 'the', and states that sometimes the nicknames or occupational names included 'le' or 'la', and given a 12th century example: Richard (le) turnur.

The submitter has requested that he be contacted first if changes need to be made.

29: Leon the Navigator - New Device

Per bend sinister azure and vert, in bend an astrolabe and a caravel argent

30: Lorcan Dracontius - New Acceptance of Armory Transfer

Argent, a pale lozengy argent and azure between a mask of comedy and a mask of tragedy azure

His name was registered 12/1993 via the East.

Acceptance of armory transfer from Hachille the Harlequin. Hachille passed away in 2001 and Lorcan was his sole heir. Supporting documentation has been received.

If this transfer is accepted, this will be Lorcan's third piece of registered armory.

31: Lorita de Siena - New Badge

(Fieldless) A rose per chevron inverted purpure and Or

Her name was registered in 05/2004 via the East, along with her device, Per chevron inverted purpure and Or, a chevron inverted sable between two roses counterchanged.

32: Lucie Lovegood of Ramisgate - New Name

• No major changes.

Lucie is found in Withycombe, s.n. Lucia, Lucy. The spelling dated to the 14th century is described as "legendary". Other spellings are Lucia (1196-1428), Luce (1273-1604), Lucy (1450). Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html), s.n. Cecilia, has the spellings Sysley and Cecilie, showing that the i/y switch was unremarkable.

Lovegood is a header in R&W, which has the spellings <Livegod> (1204), <Louegod> (1327), and <Levegood> (1398). R&W notes that "the variation in the first vowel points to a fist element Leof-, hence from OE Leofgod..." As in early 14th century English orthography, u and v are the same and interchangeable. Thus, the submitted spelling seems to be a reasonable extrapolation. The submitter prevers the v/oo spelling to ensure proper pronunciation.

of Ramisgate is a locative byname based on the town in Thanet formed before 1225. It is found in Ekwall, s.n. Ramsgate.

The submitter will not allow the spelling Lucy. The submitter will allow intermediate changes.

33: Mina di Pasquale - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

Mina is found in Arval Benicoeur, "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/arval/catasto/).

Pasquale is a patronym found in Juliana de Luna, "Names in 15th Century Florence and Her Dominions: Condado" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/juliana/condado), as is the use of the patronymic particle di.

34: Muirenn na Thengad - New Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• No major changes.
• Culture (mid-period Irish) most important.

Muirenn is a header form in OC&M, which states that is a popular Irish early period name dated to approximately 831.

na Thengad 'of the tongue' is a the expected feminine form of a masculine descriptive byname, na Tengad, found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Alpha.shtml).

34: Muirenn na Thengad - New Device

Vert, a tree blasted and in base an open book, a bordure argent

35: Onòra inghean Uí Ruairc - New Name

• No major changes.
• Language (Gaelic) most important.

Onóra is a header form in in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Onora.shtml), found in years 1383-1600.

The formation of female clan affiliation byname using inghean uí is found in Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (3rd edn., http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).

Ruairc is found in the Annals Index (ibid.), s.n. Uallgarg/Ualgarg (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Uallgarg.shtml). The byname <Uí Ruairc> is found at least 10 times in the article.

[Note: the accent on Onóra will need to be corrected - it was incorrect on the Society Name line, but correct in the documentation summary. - Lillia]

35: Onòra inghean Uí Ruairc - New Device

Per chevron Or and gules, two oak trees eradicated azure and a unicorn argent crined and horned Or

36: Owen of Falkonmore - New Name

• No changes.

Owen is a header form in Withycombe, and is dated to 1200, 1273, and 1492.

of Falkonmore is the registered byname of his father, Baldric of Falkonmore (09/1996, Atlantia). Documentation of the legal relationship has been obtained, so the submitter is eligible for the grandfather clause.

36: Owen of Falkonmore - New Device

Argent, two frogs sejant respectant vert

37: Per Arca - New Name

• Sound ("arka") most important.

Per is a masculine name in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Portuguese Masculine Names from Lisbon, 1565" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/masc1565.html). It is a diminutive of the given name Pero.

Arca is found in Jo{a~}o du Cros, Livro Armerio-Mor, p. 108. This source is a 16th century armorial, so the name was in use at that time.

37: Per Arca - New Device

Per saltire azure and gules, an arrow argent

38: Ronán Gruamdha - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (Ronan) most important.

Rónán is a header found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Ronan.shtml), years 590-1117. The submitted spelling is the standardized Old Irish Gaelic and Middle Irish Gaelic nominative form. It is also a saint's name according to OC&M, s.n. Rónán.

Gruamdha '[the] grim/surly/morose/gloomy' is a descriptive byname also found in the Annals Index (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Gruamdha.shtml), 1440. It is the standard Early Modern Irish Gaelic nominative form.

The formation of names with descriptive bynames is described in Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (3rd edn., http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#descriptivebyname).

[Note: the accents on the given name need to be corrected or omitted altogether. - Lillia]

38: Ronán Gruamdha - New Device

Argent, on a pale indented between two eagles gules three pheons Or

39: Sarra Daykin - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No changes.

Sarra is found in the submitted spelling in R&W, s.nn. Deave, Brook, and Botler dated 1317, 1327, and 1332, respectively.

Daykin is a header form in R&W. It is found in the submitted spelling as a given name in 1290, and as a byname in 1344.

39: Sarra Daykin - New Device

Gules, on a sun between six roses slipped and leaved in annulo Or, a lion contourny gules

40: Serafima Medvednikova - New Name

• No major changes.
• Language (unspecified) most important.
• Culture (unspecified) most important.

Serafima is a header form found in Wickenden, "Dictionary of Period Russian Names"; it is the name of a second century martyr.

Medvednikova 'bearhunter' is found in Wickenden, "Occupational Bynames in Medieval Russia" (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/jobnames.html".

The submitter will allow intermediate changes.

40: Serafima Medvednikova - New Device

Per saltire azure and sable, a bear rampant between in fess two mullets of four points elongated to base argent

41: Sigurdr inn danski - New Name

• Client requests authenticity for 12th C Icelandic language and/or culture.

Both elements are found in Geirr Bassi.

Sigurðr is a masculine name found on p. 14. It appears 17 times in the Landnamabok.

inn danski 'Dane, from Denmark' is found on p. 20. It is found twice in the Landnamabok.

[Note: the spelling of the given name will need to be corrected - the consulting herald misread ð as a d. - Lillia]

41: Sigurdr inn danski - New Device

Or, a wood chisel sable

42: Sigurdr inn danski - New Badge

(Fieldless) A nail Or

His name and badge submission are above.

43: Simon Digorie - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Client requests authenticity for late 16th Lowland Scots or Northern English (if Lowland Scots isn't possible).
• Sound ("Diggory") most important.

Simon is a header in Withycombe, which states that it has "been used as a Christian name by the Frasers of Lovat from the 12th C to the present day." Examples of the submitted spelling were dated 1197-1284.

Digorie is found in R&W, s.n. Diggory, which lists <Degory Water>, 1461, and <Digorie Baker>, 1600. It is also used as an unmarked patronymic byname.

43: Simon Digorie - New Device

Per chevron vert and gules, a chevron sable fimbriated between three lozenges Or

44: Simona bat Leone - New Device

Per pale azure and argent vetu, a mullet of six points between three bees, all counterchanged

Her name was registerd 04/2010 via the East.

45: Takezaki Kotau - Resub Name

• No major changes.

This is a resubmission of the name Akida Saitou, returned in kingdom for violating RfS III.2.a, the requirement that each name contain at least one given name and one byname.

Both elements are documented from Solveig's NCMJ.

Takezaki is found under the heading Historical Surnames (p. 327), and is attested to the Kamakura Period, 1332. The submitter states that it means 'bamboo slope'.

Kotau is found under the heading Historical Masculine Nanori (p. 339), attested to the same period and year. The submitter believes it to mean 'reply'.

45: Takezaki Kotau - Resub Device

Argent, three gouttes in annulo tails to heads within an annulet sable

This device is a resubmission of the badge returned along with the name [(Fieldless) A triskelion arrondi within and conjoined to an annulet sable], as kingdom was unable to create a holding name.

46: Thomas Gernon - New Name

• No major changes.
• Language (French, 15th century) most important.
• Culture (French, 15th century) most important.

Thomas is from Morlet Gaule, Vol. II, dated between 923 and 1096.

Gernon 'mustache' is found in R&W, s.n. Garnon "w/ many dates". R&W also states that it is the OFr "gernon". It is also found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Names in the 1381 Suffolk Poll Tax" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/suffolk1381.pdf).

46: Thomas Gernon - New Device

Vert, on a chevron throughout between three ram's heads erased argent three casks palewise proper

47: Thora of Dragonet - New Name

The form notes that the given name must not be changed, but the rest of the name can be.

Thora is found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html), dated to 1210.

of Dragonet is a byname derived from the branch "Le Fief des Dragonets, Shire of", registered 11/2006 via the East.

[Should the byname by of Le Fief des Dragonets? - Lillia]

47: Thora of Dragonet - New Device

Per saltire azure and gules, a battle-axe reversed argent

48: Tristan de Worrell - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.

Tristan is found in Morlet Dictionnaire, s.n. Tristan, dated 1150. Withycombe, s.n. Tristram, dates <Tristram> to 1189 in England.

de Worrell is found in R&W, s.n. Worral. An example is <Alan de Worrell>, 1388.

48: Tristan de Worrell - New Device

Or, two boars combattant sable, in base a wooden barrel proper

49: Ulrich Reinhard - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (Ull-rick Rine-hart) most important.
• Language (unspecified) most important.
• Culture (unspecified) most important.

Ulrich is a given name found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, 1441" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweil1441.html).

Reinhart is a surname in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from 1495" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnames1495.html), in which it is found five times.

The submitter has requested that he be contacted prior to making any major changes.

50: Violante Nascente da Rocha - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.

Violante is found in Juliana de Luna, "Portuguese Names 1350-1450" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portuguese), in which it appears once.

Nascente 'headwater' (Portuguese) is intended to be a locative byname. A source was not provided for this.

da Rocha is the submitter's legal surname, although whether proof was provided during the consultation was not noted on the form. However, this element is also found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Portuguese Names from Lisbon, 1565" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/lisbon1565.html), so the submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance.

The submitter allows Nascente to be dropped if necessary.

50: Violante Nascente da Rocha - New Device

Argent, on a saltire between four escallops azure an escallop Or

51: William Bircholt of Dartmouth - New Name

• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 14th C English.

William is found in R&W, s.n. William, with <Henry fitz William> dated to 1300.

Bircholt 'birch grove' is a header in Ekwall, with <Birichalt> noted as being from II DM (Domesday Monachorum, c. 1087), and <Bircheholt> dated 1219. The submitted spelling was only found as the header form.

Dartmouth is a city in England also found in Ekwall, s.n. Dart. The name of the city is glossed as 'the mouth of the Dart'. Again, the submitted spelling is not found; period forms given in Ekwall were Dærentamuða and Dertamuða (1049), and Dertemuðe (1205).

Assistance finding the submitted spellings for the locatives would be appreciated.

51: William Bircholt of Dartmouth - New Device

Quarterly gules and Or, a boar rampant sable

Standard Bibliography:

[Bahlow/Gentry] Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Nameslexikon.

[Bardsley] Bardsley, Charles. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames.

[Black] Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

[Brechenmacher] Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen.

[Ekwall] Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.

[Morlet] Morlet, Marie-Therese. Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VI au XII Si.

[OC&M] Ó Corrain, Donnchadh & Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names.

[Wickenden] Paul Wickenden of Thanet, A Dictionary of Period Russian Names.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

[Room] Room, Adrian. A Dictionary of Irish Place-Names.

[NCMJ] Solveig Throndardottir. Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan.

[SMP] Sveriges medeltida personnamn (SMP).

[Withycombe] Withycombe, E.G. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names.

[Woulfe] Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames.

1911 Britannica Encyclopedia.

[DOST] The Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue.

[OED] The Oxford English Dictionary.

East Kingdom OSCAR counts: 40 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 35 New Devices, 3 New Badges, 2 New Acceptance of Armory Transfers, 2 New Armory Transfers. This gives 83 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 2 Resub Devices. This is a total of 3 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 86 actions.

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